In this paper, a new sugarcane bagasse biorefinery concept was studied using switchable butadiene sulfone in the presence of water bsw to pretreat the solid residues after production of furfural followed by enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose fraction for potential production of biofuels. In brazil, for instance, circa 570 million tons of sugarcane were produced in 2009. Furfural has two im portant functional gro ups, an a ldehyde cho and a conjugated s ystem. Extraction and characterization of cellulose from sugarcane bagasse by using environmental friendly method kullasatri saelee1, naiyasit yingkamhaeng1, thidarat nimchua2 and prakit sukyai1, 1biotechnology of biopolymers and bioactive compounds laboratory, department of biotechnology, faculty of. Syntefs of crocroai coom badasse eayelom gebre, kiros. The mature furfural industry mostly underutilizes its celluloserich solids as a boiler fuel. I took some amount of bagasse and added it to a reactor at atmospheric pressure. Engineering furfural tolerance in escherichia coli. In this study, combinations of traits were constructed and tested for furfural tolerance in a derivative of e. Sugarcane bagasse raw material based furfural is expected to grow at a high cagr of 12.
Bagasse is a waste product from the sugar industry, which is usually used as energy source in factory at present. By means of catalytic reactions in an aqueous medium, it was determined that dxylose can efficiently be converted into furfural by the application of microwave as a green synthetic methodology. Bioethanol production from sugarcane bagasse using. Depending of mass fraction in furfural condensate that will be obtained in hydrolysis stage. The products were separated using a zorbax sbc18 column 3. Mar 05, 20 furfural resistance traits also increased resistance to hemicellulose hydrolysate. Furfural technology is an example of a leading current continuous process furfural technology westpro 2004. Dec 30, 2011 extraction of furfural from bagasse details admin. M of different acids acetic acid, formic acid, phosphoric acid and nitric acid and autoclaved for 180, 300. Bagasse is a lignocellulosic residue of the sugar industry, which consists of around 4050% cellulose, 2030% hemicellulose, 2025% lignin and 1. Impact of revamping in the bagasse hydrolysis in furfural. Here, we conducted a systematic comparative study of the use of the. Whole cellulosic fibers thus obtained were then subjected to a twostage delignification process and finally to.
Furfural production was carried out using a batch reactor and a distillation system, while the acid hydrolysis of the bagasse samples took place in the batch reactor. Bagasse is a byproduct of cane sugar production, used for heat cogeneration, and for furfural, boards and ethanol production from lignocellullosic residuals. Jul 04, 20 the process for the production of furfural further comprises, as shown in the fig. Du pont abandons the furfural thfadiponitrile process. Production potential of furfural from sugarcane bagasse was studied in industrial sample and two sugarcane varieties coj 85 and coj 88. Jul 26, 2017 hello everyone here is the thing i am working on a project where i am manufacturing furfural from bagasse. Extraction of furfural from bagasse pdf original bagasse, and that furfural can be produced from xylose present in. The sugarcane bagasse was provided by usina estivas ares rn, brazil. Sugarcane bagasse is an agricultural waste which used to produce bioethanol using fermentation process. Bioconversion of hemicellulosic sugars into second generation 2g ethanol plays a pivotal role in the overall success of biorefineries.
Dxylose is a component of sugarcane bagasse that can be used as a renewable resource for the production of a variety of chemicals. Furfural is a typical product which could be obtained from hemicellulose in raw biomass and is also a key platform chemical produced in lignocellulosic biorefineries that could further be transformed to fuels and. Hemicellulosic furfural production from sugarcane bagasse. Extract was stored at 4c for determination of glucose and xylose. In this study, ethanol production performance of a novel xylosefermenting yeast, scheffersomyces shehatae ufmghm 52. The inhibitory role of furfural in dilute acid hydrolysates of hemicellulose was confirmed in part by a comparison of batch fermentations containing sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate fig. The laboratory scale furfural residues drying experiments were carried out on a halogen moisture detector mettler toledo, hr83p. Bagasse samples were collected from the white nile sugar factory white nile province. Eubce proceedings furfural, byproduct of sugarcane bagasse. Raw materials the feed stock, sugarcane bagasse sized 0. Untreated bagasse has 35% cellulose and similar amounts of hemicellulose 25% and lignin 22%, as shown in table 1.
Bioethanol production from sugarcane bagasse by a novel. In the sugarcane industry, large amounts of lignocellulosic residues are generated, which includes bagasse, straw, and tops. Little is known about the interactions among these four genetic traits. The hydrolysis experiments for furfural production were performed in a 1l continuously stirred batch reactor parr reactor under different conditions of temperature, h 2 so 4 concentration, and reaction time. Jul 23, 2011 chemical composition of sugarcane bagasse and its production potential of hemicellulosic furfural were studied.
Bagasse is the fibrous residue from the sugar cane after extracting cane juice the cane with 4550% moisture content and consisting of a mixture of hard fiber with soft and smooth parenchymatous pith tissue with high hygroscopic property bagasses contain mainly cellulose, pentosans, lignin, sugars, wax, and mineral. For the experiments, the reactor was fed with 15 g of sugarcane bagasse and mixed with the reaction medium with or without acid in a solidtoliquid ratio of 110 gml. Biochar from anaerobically digested sugarcane bagasse mandu inyanga, bin gaoa, pratap pullammanappallila, wenchuan dinga,b, andrew r. Petroleum refineries industry is the leading enduser segment accounted for onefifth of the share in 2015, followed by agricultural formulations industry in the global furfural market. Then, the extracted bagasses had their chemical compositions determined by a series of analyses based on the methods proposed by browning 1967, with modifications. For this the preparation of fine bagasse sample of two varieties similar to industrial sample had been standardized in the laboratory. Kinetics study of furfural production from cellulosic biomass.
Eubce proceedings furfural, byproduct of sugarcane. In this paper, a new sugarcane bagasse biorefinery concept was studied using switchable butadiene sulfone in the presence of water bsw to pretreat the solid residues after production of furfural followed by enzym. Quantitative analysis manufacturing furfural from bagasse. Next is to determine the yield of bioethanol produced from sugarcane bagasse. Furfural is an important chemical and also a building block for production of dropin hydrocarbon fuels and can be produced from cellulosic biomass such as woody crops and bagasse by hydrolysis and dehydration with mineral acids. In this work was used sugarcane bagasse obtained in a local distillery, dried at 60c for 72. Engineering furfural tolerance in escherichia coli improves.
Sugar cane bagasse as feedstock for second generation. Du pont abandons the furfuralthfadiponitrile process. These data have been obtained through the database from aspen plus software, using the. Bagasse is often used as a primary fuel source for sugar mills. Potential of sugarcane bagasse for production of furfural and. Microwaveassisted green production of furfural from dxylose. The production of furfural directly from hemicellulose in. The bagasse was dried, prior to applying the pretreatments, in a circulating drying oven tecnal model te3941, piracicababrazil at 40 c until a final humidity of 5% wet basis was reached. As the reaction proceeds, vapors of furfural 8 and water 7 are removed from the reaction mixture 22 via reflux through a multistage distillation column 10, condensed.
Biomass gasification unit using sugar cane bagasse for power generation roger r. Drying characteristics of the furfural residues of biomass. The bagasse was dried, prior to applying the pretreatments, in a circulating drying oven. Producing fuel producing fuel briquettes from sugarcane waste. Extraction and characterization of cellulose from sugarcane. Sugarcane bagasse lignin, bioresources 82, 16041614. There has been a important increase in the provision of 3d players and displays. Most of the hemicellulose fraction was removed using acid, as shown by its percentage. Chemical composition of sugarcane bagasse and its production potential of hemicellulosic furfural were studied. Bagasse pith is a fraction of the cost of bagasse, the local s bagasse, at only 450 rstonne about.
The signal at 1632 cm1 can be attributed to the absorbed water kacurakova et al. It uses fixedbed reactors and continuous dynamic refining, which gives high yields of furfural, including byproducts, at low production costs. The ethanol extraction led to a similar content of extractives 5. Effect of acid concentration on the extraction of furfural. A comparative study of sugarcane bagasse gasification and. Sugar cane bagasse as feedstock for second generation ethanol. Waste to wealthvalue recovery from agricultural and. For this fine bagasse sample of two varieties was prepared and analyzed for its chemical composition. The obtained hydrolysate was then distillated by a simple distillation. Furfural is produced in a digester under highpressure steam, from where it is recovered by steam distillation, followed by waterfurfural separation and purification. The main objective of the research was to produce furfural from bagasse.
After sugarcane is milled for juice extraction, bagasse is obtained as a residue, which corresponds to about 25% of the total weight and contains 60% to 80% of carbohydrates. Furfural derivatives are tested as automotive fuel in blends with gasoline. The bagasse contained 50% ww of humidity and 2% ww of reducing sugars. Sugar cane bagasse was one of the largest cellulosic agroindustry byproducts wastes that had been increased in malaysia even in another country now. Microwaveassisted green production of furfural from d. Cooking liquor preparation the active alkali level was calculated as na 2 o on oven dry. Cellulose fibers were isolated from sugarcane bagasse in three stages.
Raw material preparations bagasse was screened from sand and dust then depithed by crushing. Initially sugarcane bagasse was subjected to a pretreatment process with hydrolyzed acid to eliminate hemicellulose. However, the amount of bagasse left is still high enough for more valueadded product for example furfural. Yield of furfural on selected raw material on the basis of % weight of raw material per day is given in table i. The bagasse samples a and b were dried in an oven at 200 oc for 48 h, grounded and sieved to m mesh size.
The amount of sugar cane processed in 2002 is about 1,111,500 tonnes 1. I then added diluted sulphuric acid which acts as catalyst. Du pont starts the production of adiponitrile for the manufacture of nylon 6. Automatic depth extraction from 2d images using a clusterbased learning framework 2018abstract. The process for the production of furfural also comprises, as shown in the fig. Producing fuel producing fuel briquettes from sugarcane. The technology requires only low capital investment and is. The residue of cane after juice extraction, known as bagasse is the most common fuel used in cane sugar manufacture. Chemical composition analysis performed on samples obtained after different pretreatment conditions showed that up to 96% and 85% of hemicellulose and lignin fractions, respectively, were removed by this twostep method when sodium hydroxide concentrations of 1% mv or higher were used. As can be seen in table 1, the water extraction removed 5. The 26th annual meeting of the thai society for biotechnology and international conference extraction and characterization of cellulose from sugarcane bagasse by using environmental friendly method kullasatri saelee1, naiyasit yingkamhaeng1, thidarat nimchua2 and prakit sukyai1, 1biotechnology of biopolymers and bioactive compounds laboratory, department of biotechnology, faculty of.
Nov 28, 2011 sugarcane is used worldwide as a feedstock for ethanol and sugar production. Potential of sugarcane bagasse for production of furfural. Bagasse is now used as a biofuel as a renewable resource in the manufacture of pulp and paper products, and building materials. Journal of chemical and pharmaceutical research, 2019, 11. Zimmermanc a department of agricultural and biological engineering, university of florida, gainesville, fl 32611, usa bcollege of urban construction and environmental engineering, chongqing university, chongqing 400045, china. The cellulose amount increased continuously after each acid or base pretreatment, ranging from an initial 35% content to circa 85% under pretreatments using naoh 2% or higher. The technology requires only low capital investment and is thus especially. Extraction of furfural from bagasse pdf free download as pdf file. Secondaryproducts were also identified by gcms 6890 gc and 5973mass selective detector from agilent using a dbffap column, helium as carrier gas at 1 ml. The use of the whole sugarcane lignocellulosic biomass for the production of secondgeneration 2g ethanol can be a potential alternative to contribute to the economic viability of this process. Then bagasse was treated with variable concentrations 1, 2 and 3 m of different acids acetic acid, formic acid, phosphoric acid and nitric acid and autoclaved for 180, 300 and. Biomass gasification unit using sugar cane bagasse for. Furfural, identified by the us department of energy doe as one of the top 12 valueadded products, is a valuable product with a word market of around 300. Pretreatment of furfural residues with switchable butadiene.
Experiments in bench reactor for furfural or xylose production from sugarcane bagasse hydrolysis experiments in a bench reactor were carried out to verify the behavior of the reactions for furfural or xylose production in a larger scale, as well as to evaluate the feasibility of the modifications made in such processes, which is a previous step. Effect of acid concentration on the extraction of furfural from corn cobs. The furfural hydrolysis stage coincides with the acidic pre treatment stage of ethanol technology. Optimal combinations identified for ethanol production by ly180 derivatives were subsequently reengineered into strain kj122, strain c engineered to produce succinate precursor for solvents and. Restructuring the processes for furfural and xylose. Biochar from anaerobically digested sugarcane bagasse.
Bagasse is the fibrous leftover after sugarcane stalks are crushed to extract their juice. Ethanol production from a biomass mixture of furfural. Furfural market by raw material corn cob, rice husk. Chemical and morphological characterization of sugarcane. Thus, the amount of bagasse produced is 355,680 tonnes. Furfural is produced in a digester under highpressure steam, from where it is recovered by steam distillation, followed by water furfural separation and purification. Then bagasse obtained from sugar industry, sugarcane varieties coj 85 and coj 88 was treated with different acids acetic. The reaction products were diluted, and fur and hmf quantified in a 1260 infinity module from agilent. The proportion of bagasse produced per 100 tonnes of cane crushed varies from 25 to 32, usually lying around 2728%. The storage of bagasse is difficult and expensive so furfural unit should be located near a sugar mill. Extraction, purification, and characterization of lignin fractions from sugarcane bagasse aiping zhang,a chuanfu liu,b, runcang sun,b,c and jun xie a threestep extraction of lignin fractions from ballmilled sugarcane bagasse scb was studied with 96% dioxane, 50% dioxane, and 80%. As the most abundant renewable resources, lignocellulosic materials are ideal candidates as alternative feedstock for bioethanol production. Hello everyone here is the thing i am working on a project where i am manufacturing furfural from bagasse. Bagasse is a good source of pentosan and containing about 25 to 27%.763 993 1410 927 709 59 1519 629 739 1586 286 562 319 1452 26 1093 168 88 755 822 354 1501 355 472 114 1133 831 1048 222 1194 325 1459 835 943 873 738